Karnataka was formed on 1 November 1956. Capital city of Karnataka is Bengaluru. It is the 6th largest state of India with 191,791 km^2 area of 30 districts. The present Chief Minister is B.S. Yediyurappa (BJP).
Karnataka belongs southwestern part of India. Karnataka is located between 11.5⁰North and 18.5⁰ North latitudes and 74⁰ East and 78.5⁰ East longitudes. To its north side it’s bounded by Goa and Maharashtra, to the east with Telangana, to the southeast with Tamil Nadu, to the south with Kerala, and to the West by the Arabian Sea.
Official languages of Karnataka is Kannada which is used as native language by 70% of population. According to the census, Karnataka has 50 tribal languages. Other languages spoken here are Tulu, Konkani, Kodava, and Urdu.
Peoples of Karnataka are mixed of natives and migrated peoples of other states. For their friendly nature they became great host of tourists. Total population is 61,130,704 in Karnataka. Some notable persons of Karnataka are-
- Shakuntala Devi (astrologer)
- Aishwarya Rai Bachchan (actress)
- Lara Datta (actress)
- Tipu Sultan (warrior)
Tradition of Karnataka
A very interesting and important tradition of here is, during festive experts have to sing or narrate important stories, battles, and other legends. North Karnataka peoples believe in supernatural elements like bhoot and worshipped them.
One of the most famous festival of Karnataka is Kambala, an epic buffalo race. In the case of traditional dresses, men found in shirt, kurta or lungis, and women found in sarees.
History of Karnataka
The Maurya dynasty of North India was the first kingdom which holds the state and Chandragupta Maurya was the ruler of Maurya dynasty who converted Jainism in Shravanabelagola.
The Sathavahanas, the Kadambas, and the Gangas have ruled Karnataka. Karnataka became a part of the British rule when Tipu Sultan was defeated. The state was renamed as Karnataka on 1973, 1 November
Cultural Foods of Karnataka
Food flavors are varied in Karnataka from region to region. The cuisines of Karnataka are almost the same as neighbor states Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra.
Some especial traditional food names of Karnataka are given below-
- Neer Dosa (made with soaked rice)
- Korri Gassi (chicken curry)
- Kundapura Koli Saaru (another types chicken curry)
- Mysore Masala Dosa (crisp dosa)
- Allugedda (mashed potatoes with tomato, onion and black gram)
- Mysore Pak (sweet made of Gram Flour)
- Coogra Pandi Curry (Pork curry)
- Haalbai (types of sweet, made with coconut, rice, jiggery)
- Bisi Bele Bath
- Rava Kesari (sweet dish)
- Mangalorean Biryani
- Kane Rava Fry (lady fish marinated with red chili then fried)
- Udupi Sambar
- Mango Chutney
- Mysore Bonda (fried snack made of maida and yogurt)
- Pori Urundai (puffed rice balls)
- Maddur Vada
- Chiroti (sweet item)
- Tatte Idli
- Chitranna (lemon flavored rice with vegetables)
- Khara Pongal
- Raggi mode
- Jolada Rotti
How to reach Karnataka
By Train: Bangalore railway station is one of the important railway station of Karnataka. Travelers can also board the Golden Chariot, a luxury tourist train operated by Indian Railways and KSTDC, to travel from Goa to Bangalore via Hampi and Mysore.
By Air: Bangalore, Mangalore, Mysore, Hampi, Hubli, Belgaum and Bijapur are seven places where airports are located in Karnataka. Bengaluru International Airport (Kempegowda international airport) and Mangalore International airport are only two airports that operate international flights to and from Karnataka.
By Bus: State Bus services are available there for moving within and abroad of the state.