Jharkhand state of India is formatted on 15th November 2000 with 79,710km^2 area which is the 15th largest state of India. Present capital of this state is Ranchi and the present Chief minister is Hemant Soren. Jharkhand is famous for waterfalls, holy places and its hills.
Official language of Jharkhand is Hindi and native language are Angika, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Ho, Kharia, Khortha, Kurmali, Kurukh, Magahi, Maithili, Mundari, Nagpuri, Odia, Santali, Urdu.
There are 32 tribal communities in Jharkhand including baiga, Bathaudi, Asur, Banjara, Bhumji, Bedia, Binjhia, Santhal, Oraon, Birjia, Birhor, Chero, Gond, Karmali, Parhaiya, Chick Baraik, Ho, Kharwar, Khond, Kharia, Gorait, Korba, Kisan, Kora, Lohar, Munda, Mahli, Mal Paharia, Sauria Paharia, Savar and Shabars.
Some notable persons of Jharkhand are-
- Mahendra Singh Dhoni (cricketer, Padma Bhushan award)
- Sailesh Kumar Bandopadhyay (Padma Bhushan award)
- Kariya Munda (Padma Bhushan award)
- Ashok Bhagat (social worker, Padma shri award)
- Bulu Imam (authur)
- Nikita singh (author)
- Madhurima Tuli (actress)
- Tanushree Dutta (Miss India 2004)
- Subhash Mukhopadhyay (worlds 2nd and India’s 1st child using in-vitro fertilization)
- Thakur Anukul Chandra (religious person)
- Aruna Mishra (2004 world champion in Boxing)
A traditional festival of Jharkhand named Sarhul every year organized in Ranchi with different tribal groups.
Karam is another festival which is celebrated on the 11th day of a full moon. In this festival people bring karam trees and place them on the ground.
Jitia is a celebration of mother fasting for children’s welfare.
In Nawakhani festival grains are eaten following the harvest.
Phagwa or holi festival of spring when flowers blossoms.
Other festivals are Sarna, Tussu, Vaha, Dussehra.
Jhumair, Domkach, Painki, Chhau dance, Mundari dance, Santali dance are traditional dance form of Jharkhand.
The local tattoo tradition of Godna is a famous and essential tradition for them.
History of Jharkhand
Jharkhand formed on 15th November 2000 with 32 tribal communities who had dreamed for a separate state for a long time.
During the 13th century Raja Jai Singh Deo of Odisha declared himself as the ruler of Jharkhand.
After the liberation of India the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha started regular agitation which led them to achieve Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council in 1995 and finally a liberal state.
Jai Singh . the ruler of
Jai Singh . the ruler of J
Cultural foods of Jharkhand
The cuisine of Jharkhand is not so different from Bihar. Some mouthwatering dish names are given below:
- Litti Chokha
- Chilka Roti
- Bamboo Shoots
- Aloo Chokha
- Til Barfi
- Mitha Khaja
How To reach
By Air : There are four domestic airports in Jharkhand with few flights. Birsa Munda Airport is a public domestic airport serving the city of Ranchi, Jharkhand.
By Bus : Ranchi is located at the junction of national highways. State transport and private buses are available for moving within states and neighboring states.