Bihar

Bihar is a state in eastern India with an area of 94,163km^2. It is the twelfth largest Indian State. It became a separate state on 26 January, though its formation was in 22march, 1912. The capital of Bihar is Patna and this state has 38 districts.

Bihar
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Bihar map

Location

Bihar is located in the waster part of India between latitude {24֯-20′-10”N}-{27֯-31’-15’’N} and longitude 83֯-19’-50’’E}-{88֯-17’-40’’E}. Bihar is bounded with the humid West Bengal in the East and the sub humid Uttar Pradesh in the West, it is bounded by Nepal in the north and by Jharkhand in the South.

Language

Bihar is the western group of Eastern-Indo-Aryan Languages, mainly spoken in the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh and also in Nepal. Other subdivisions languages are Angika, Bhojpuri, kudmali, Magahi, Maithili, Majhi, Musasa, Panchpargania, Nagpuri, Surjapuri, and some Tharu languages.

Peoples

According to the census of 2011, population of Bihar is 103,804,637 which is ranked as 3rd. Most importantly the peoples of Bihar are distinguished according to religion, social caste, and language. Hindus constitute the majority of the population, and Muslims are the largest minority group.

People of Bihar featured
People of Bihar

 

Tradition

Bihari’s has a rich cultural treasury including the great epic Mahabharata and Ramayana. They are especially noted for their traditional Madhubani paintings.

The Biharis celebrate the festival of Chaath dedicated to sun god. The Chhath festival is celebrated for at least four days.

In the costume sense, Biharis always has its ethnic values. Men’s traditional costumes include dhoti, kurta, and kharaun (wooden sandal). Saree is the traditional attire for the women and especially saree worn in “seedha Anchal ” style. They are also addicted to wearing salwar kameez. Turbans commonly known as paag are also a part of the traditional costume of men of Bihar.

The Bihari’s are also noted for the production of silk from Bhagalpur area which is named as Bhagalpuri silk.

Tradition of Bihar featured
Tradition of Bihar

Cultural foods

Some of mouthwatering food names of Bihar are given below :

  • Littichokha
  • Thekua/khajuria (a type of sweet)
  • Khaja (made by sugar and flour)
  • Khurma
  • Malpua
  • Kadhi Badi
  • Dalpuri
  • Balushahi (a type of sweet)
  • Kheer Makhana
  • Parwal ki mithai
  • Chanaghugni
  • Kala Jamun
  • Bihari kebab
  • Sattu Paratha
  • Bhang ki pakodi
  • Taash (mutton dish)
Food of Bihar featured
Food of Bihar

[ Traditional Bihari 

 

History of Bihar

The history of Bihar started with the reign of Bimbisara. Many famous emperors including the Guptas had their capital in Patliputra. The first Muslim ruler of them was Mohammad Bin Bakhtiar Khalji who were followed by the Tughlugs and the Mughals. Though Mughals had worked wonders in the administration of Bihar, but with their downfall, they got Nawabs an upper hand over Bihar. In the battle of Buxer, Bihar passed on to the British. In1931, the states of Bihar and Orissa were curbed from the Bengal Presidency. Ultimately, on 15th November, 2000, a separate state known as Jharkhand was culled out.

History of Bihar featured
History of Bihar

 

How to reach

By Road: State and private buses, taxis and autos are popular modes of transport in Bihar. There is a vast network of National Highways and State Highways which connects Bihar with major regions of the country.

By Air: Jayprakash Narayan Airport (Patna) and Gaya Airport (Gaya) are the two important airports of Bihar. Regular flights between Bihar and major cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata and Lucknow are available.

By Railway: Patna, Gaya, and Bhagalpur are main railways of Bihar. From stations tourists can hire Taxis or buses.