Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India which is located in the Southern part of peninsular India and it started its journey from 1 November 1956. Though the city Hyderabad is its capital for 10 years but recently the city Amaravati is proposed as the new capital. The area of AP is 160,205km^2.

Andhra-Pradesh map

Location

In the North part of AP, it’s bordered by Chhattisgarh, Orissa, and Telangana. In the West side Karnataka, in south Tamil Nadu and in East it’s bordered by the Bay of Bengal.

Language

The official language of Andhra Pradesh is Telugu. Besides it, English, Hindi/Urdu, Tamil, Kannada, and Oriya languages are also commonly spoken.

Peoples

The peoples of Andhra Pradesh are highly diverse because of a large number of migrated peoples. From the 2011 census, it has 49, 386, 799 inhabitants which are ranked as a tenth most populous state.

Andhra Pradesh people

Tradition

The great Andhra Pradesh has a treasury of culture, especially it is internationally renowned for its Carnatic music. Their traditional home is the land between the Godavari and Krishna rivers in southeastern India. They have celebrated several annual festivals like Makar Sankranti, Sri Rama Navami, Ugadi, Maha Shivratri, Varalaxmi Vratam, Vinayaka Chavithi, Dasara, Atla Tadde Deepavali Deepothsavam, etc.

Ugadi which is considered as a festival of New Year which takes place in March/April.

They are also very famous for textiles like cotton and silk. They developed dying printing weaving for getting better textile products in ancient times. Basically Hindu and Christian women wear saree blouses and men wear Dhoti and Kurta. But Muslim men generally wear pajamas and the Fez cap and women like to wear salwar kameez. 

One of the heart touching traditions of them regarding their warriors of the battlefield who sacrificed their lives in the battlefield is worshipped like a god. Stone pillars named Viragallulu are found all over Andhra Pradesh as their symbol of bravery.

Traditional Kuchipudi dance of Andhra Pradesh
Traditional Kuchipudi dance of Andhra Pradesh

History of Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh has started its journey from ancient times. At the very first it witnessed the rule of Chandragupta Maurya during which it was established as an independent kingdom. During the 12th and 13th centuries there came the Kakatiya dynasty who were the feudatories of the western Chalukyas.  At a later time, Warangal was taken by Musunuri Nayaks from the Delhi Sultan and ruled for fifty years. In the history of Andhra Pradesh, the Vijaynagar Empire is counted as the greatest empire.

In 1347 CE, an independent Muslim state named Bahmani was established in South India by Alla-ud-din-hasan Gangu as a revolt against the Delhi Sultan. With that regard in 1518 the sultan Qili Qutub Shah declared himself independent and founded the Qutub Shah Dynasty, which existed till 1687. At last Andhra Pradesh connected with the Telangana region of Hyderabad state as the state of Andhra Pradesh which consisted of Telugu speaking people on November 1, 1956.

Traditional cuisine of Andhra Pradesh
Traditional cuisine of Andhra Pradesh

Cultural Foods

We all know that Andhra Pradesh is highly famous for their several delicious spicy foods. Basically, people are habituated with Rice, Vegetables, Pulses, and millets. Peoples who are non-vegetarians used to eat meat or fish. But if you want to know about their best traditional foods which are well known all over the world, then I am telling you their best ten delicious food names.

  • Panasa Putta koora (Andhra Pradesh Jackfruit Curry)
  • Gutti Vankaya Kura (eggplant curry)
  • Andhra Pepper Chicken
  • Crispy Andhra Bhindi
  • Hyderabadi Biryani
  • Shikampuri Kebab (hyderabadi Kebab)
  • Boorelu (Deep Fried Sweet Dumplings)
  • Pesarattu (Green Gram Dosa)
  • Telugu Cuisine
  • Pulihora or Tamarind Rice

How to Reach

By Road: Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) is the major public transport corporation for Andhra Pradesh. The capital Hyderabad has Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station and Vijayawada has Nehru Bus Stand which are the largest bus stands of this state. You will also find thousands of Private operators for major towns and cities. There is also the availability of some private vehicles like cars, motor scooters, bicycles which are directly connected with adjoining villages.

By Air: The only and main International airport of Andhra Pradesh is in its capital Hyderabad which is directly connected with many countries. The name of International carriers is Air India, Emirates, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Oman, Air, Qatar Airway, Saudi Arabians Air lines, Singapore Airlines, Srilankan Airlines, and Thai Airways.

Some Domestic flights are GoAir, IndiGo, Jet Airways, JetLite, Kingfisher, Paramount, and Spicejet.

The other domestic airports in Andhra Pradesh are at Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Rajahmundry, and Tirupati

By Train: It has its own Railway station named as West Godavari Railway Station which is connected to all the major cities of Andhra Pradesh.

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