Indian Museum

Location: 27, Jawaharlal Nehru Rd, Park Street, Kolkata
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Indian Museum
Indian Museum

When Indian Museum is established?

It is established 1814. It is the ninth oldest museum of the world.

Who is the founder of Indian Museum?

Indian Museum was founded by the Asiatic Society of Bengal in Kolkata (Calcutta). Nathaniel Wallich, a Danish botanist is the founder curator.

History of Indian Museum

In the Asia Pacific region, Indian Museum is the earliest and largest multipurpose museum.

  • The history of Indian Museum started from 18th century when Sir William Jones devotes his life to the service of Indian and founded the Asiatic Society in 1784.
  • Asiatic Society was working for preserving and developing the art and culture pertaining to the socio-culture activities.
  • The member of Asiatic Society conceived the idea of establishing a museum in 1796. They wanted to preserve the nature created and human-created objects.
  • The idea came into form with finding a place to established museum building in at the corner of park street granted by the government in 1808
  • Six years later, Nathaniel Wallich, Danish botanist wrote a letter to the Asiatic Society where he shared his wish to be an honorary curator of the museum and he also wanted to supply duplicates from his own valuable collections.
  • Then Nathaniel Wallich was appointed as the Honorary Curator and the museum under the guidance of Dr Nathaniel Wallich was established on 2 February 1814.
  • 1837, James Prinsep, Secretary of the Society wrote to the government to adopt proposition of the Society for the formation of a National Museum at the cost of the State.
  • In 1867, the foundation of the present Indian Museum was thus laid on the finest site of Chowringhee in front of small cause court. From 18114 to 1878 the museum was at the Asiatic society of Park Street, Kolkata.

The museum which was known firstly as “Asiatic Society Museum” subsequently came to be known as “Imperial Museum”, and later it familiarized as “Indian Museum”.

Who are the founding donors of Indian Museum?

After starting the museum as Asiatic Society Museum, at the beginning, a list of gifts consisted of 174 items were donated by 27 European donors. The individual collectors were Col. Stewart, Dr Tytler, General Mackenjzie, Mr. Bryan Hodgson, and Capt. Gillon. Out of 49 donors of the list six donors were “Babu Ram Komol Sen”, “Mathuranath Mullick”, “Sivachandra Dash”, and her highness Begum “Sambroo”.

How Indian Museum looks from outside?

The front side of the museum looks beautiful because of brushes of British architecture and lawns.

Indian Museum
Indian Museum

How Indian Museum look in inside?

During entering from the main gate you will feel greeted by the half-giant figures of yakshas, placed like doorkeepers. The museum has Archeological, Art, Anthropological, Geological, Industrial, and Zoological sections spreading along three floors. You can collect map from ground floor. A large quadrangle surrounding space is placed centrally, around which various sections of collections are arranged on three floors. 

At the ground floor you will find the Archeological section of the Medieval Age. Sculptures of different Indian schools (from beginning of the Christian era to AD 1200 and from java and Cambodia) are arranged in 20 bays.

At the second floor, in east verandah you will find sculptures of Sunga dynasty (2nd century BC), the Buddhas, and the protean avatars of Vishnu. You also find here portrait of first superintendent John Anderson hanging on the wall.

In the Egyptian Gallery a 4000 years old mummy is placed in central. 

In the zoological Gallery, various collections of different kinds of species of animals are arranged for displaying.

There are several galleries of collections. Bharhut Gallery (architectural collections), Bird Gallery, Botanical Garden, Bronze Gallery, Coin Gallery, Decorative Art Gallery (collections of handicrafts are available), Egypt Gallery, Gandhara Gallery (collections of sculptures), Insect Gallery, L. Archeological Gallery (collections of sculptural evolution of India), Mammal gallery, Mask Gallery (opened in 2016), Paintings Gallery, and Textile gallery. 

Which types of collections are there?

Indian Museum has rare collections of antiquesarmor, and ornamentsfossilsskeletonsmummies, and Mughal paintings. According to 2004 enquiry, there are 102,646 collections. 

Why Indian Museum is so famous?

It’s famous for its historical past. The Indian Museum is 200+ years old museum. It has some rare beautiful collections which attract peoples years after years, generations after generations.

When Indian Museum is open and close?

DaysOpening TimeClosing TimeHolidays
Monday  Holiday
Library Timing: 10.00am to 5.00pm

                                          Closed on second Saturdays of each month, Sundays of each week, and public holidays

Entry Fee:

                            ₹50 for Indian Adults

                            ₹500 for Foreigners

                            ₹20 for kids

How long one can stay in Indian Museum?

You can budget 1 to 2 hours depending on you interest.

Which things are allowed in inside of Museum?

They allow pouches bag inside. But there are facilities to keep bag outside with token. Keeping bags outside will be comfortable for you to enjoy the museum.

Indian Museum
Indian Museum

Is Photography allowed inside the Indian Museum?

Photography is allowed. But you need to pay.

For Photography: ₹50 for Smartphone camera

                                        ₹100 for normal camera

For Videography: ₹2000 for small video camera

                                        ₹5000 for video camera with stand

Is toilet facility available?

Yes. It’s available inside the building.

Is there any cafeteria for lunch or snacks?

Yes. Cafeteria is open for visitors from 12 PM- 3PM. Lunch is available. It’s located in the backside of the museum.

Is it safe to Visit there?

There is nothing worried about safety. Just keep and carry your luggage with concern. 

Which are the best Hotels near Indian Museum?

There are also too many Hotels are available near Indian museum.

Which are some best restaurants near Indian Museum?

There are also so many restaurants available near Indian Museum. Choose based on your food habits.

How to reach:

If you get VOLVO A/C Bus of CSTS from Howrah Station to Garia, it will drop you on front gate of Museum. Otherwise from Howrah Station, travel to Indian museum by buses, you have to pass Dharmatala which is one of the busiest road. Look for the busses that are going to Esplanade (the metro station there). After get down at the esplanade stoppage; ask someone the way of Indian Museum. It will take just 5 minutes to reach Indian museum by walking. You can take rickshaw to reach. You can also take private cabs or taxi (take 10 minutes, $2-$3) to reach Indian Museum from Howrah Station

Which are the easiest visiting places near Indian Museum?

Maiddan (1.5 km away), Birla planetarium (1.5km away), Paul’s Cathedral (1.6km away), Writer’s Building (1.9km away), Eden Garden (2km away), Town Hall (2.2km away), College Street (3km away), Victoria Memorial (3.7km away), Princep Ghat (3.8km away), Marble Palace (3.8km away), Fort William (3.8km away), Howrah Bridge (4.3km away), and Alipore Zoo (6km away).

We wish you all the very best for your journey.
Happy Travelling.

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