Amber Fort

Forts in Rajasthan

Rajasthan is considered one of the ethnic states of India. There is a rustic attraction about it that transforms you into a bygone era. Most of Rajasthan’s rich Indian heritage displays a true picture of history and culture. In some ways, Rajasthan feels more Indian than the other state. One of the major reasons for this is the excellent monuments in this state. Built hundreds of years ago, these monuments still stand tall and are so well preserved that they give us an amazing glimpse into our history. Rajasthan has seen many rulers within the past who have all left their mark on the state. The most interesting aspect of Rajasthan is its forts. This huge structure testifies to the splendor of the kingdom that has existed throughout history. They take you to the time of kings and queens, generals and ministers. These forts also bear the mark of a historic event that has changed India forever. Here are some amazing forts of Rajasthan that you will not miss.

Mehrangarh Fort Jodhpur

It is one of the largest forts in Rajasthan and is known all over the world for its stunning architecture and history. It is famous as the seat of the rulers of Rathore from the house of Marwar. The fort is located 40,000 feet above the city of Jodhpur and was inhabited by the Marwar family before they moved to other grand palaces. It once provided sanctuary to the Mughal emperor Humayun, who was defeated by Sher Shah Suri and fled to Persia.

On May 15, 1559, Rao Jodha, the ruler of Rathore, laid the foundation of Mehrangarh Fort. At that time, Mandor, 15 km from Jodhpur, was the capital. However, due to good security and safety, Rao Jodha shifted the capital to Mehrangarh fort. The hill on which Mehrangarh stands was formerly referred to as ‘Bhaurachiria’. It had only one human assistant, a monk named Cheria Nathji. Rao Jodhpur displaced him to establish his capital at 

Mehrangarh. Disgruntled and angry, Nathji Rao cursed Jodha that the Mehrangarh fort would suffer from the water crisis. Then, to escape this curse, a man named Razia Bombay was buried alive at the base of the fort. In return for this sacrifice, Rao Jodha Premium Bombay that his family would be well taken care of. To this day, the descendants of Razia Bombay live in Rajbagh. According to another legend, Razia was not the only living grave. Four people, including Razia Bombay’s son and a Brahmin named Mehran, were buried here. The fort is believed to possess been named after this Brahmin.

Mehrangarh Fort Jodhpur
Mehrangarh Fort Jodhpur

The architecture of the fort itself is a wonder. It is 125 feet high and has solid stone walls. In some places, these walls are 6 meters thick. There are several palaces within the boundaries of the fort. There is a downhill winding road that leads to the city. You can still see some cannon impressions at the second gate which were made by the invading troops of Jaipur. Just to his left of the fort is Kirat Singh Sodar Chhetri, a soldier who fell to defend the fort.

Mehrangarh has seven gates, the most popular of which is Joypole (meaning ‘victory’) which Maharaja Man Singh built to commemorate his victory over the army of Jaipur and Bikaner. Another gate called Fatehpol was built by Maharaja Ajit Singh on the occasion of the defeat of the Mughals.

Today, the fort houses a museum that gives visitors a glimpse of the Rathore’s golden age. It displays a diverse collection of historical artifacts, from palanquins to cannons and furniture to paintings and folk instruments. In this museum, you can witness the heritage of the Rathore in weapons, paintings, costumes, and decorated period rooms. The gallery called Daulat Khana has one of the best collections of Mughal miniatures. Mehrangarh Fort may be a highly acclaimed and popular Rajasthan International Folk Festival and therefore the site of the planet Sufi Spirit Festival. There is also a nice zip-lining tour organized by Flying Fox. Across 6 zip lines, you can walk around the castle with stunning views of the blue city.

Time: Mehrangarh Fort is open all day from 5 am to 5 pm. The best time to visit Jodhpur is from November to winter in February.

Entrance fee: Rs. 60 for Indians Rs. 60 and Rs. 400 for foreigners. May 12, the foundation day of the castle, admission is free.

How to get there: Mehrangarh Fort is located in the city of Jodhpur. It is about 9 km from Jodhpur Airport and about 6 km from Jodhpur Railway Station.

Where to stay: Jodhpur may be a major tourist attraction in Rajasthan then there are several accommodation options starting from luxury to budget. Castle View Homestay provides a great view of the Mehrangarh Fort and is worth a try. Hotel RAS is another good hotel for a comfortable stay with a great view.

Jaisalmer Fort

  Jaisalmer Fort is one of the most beautiful forts in India and the only livable fort in the country.  As one of the largest forts in the world, Jaisalmer Fort is considered one of the best tourist attractions in Jaisalmer.  Known as Sonar Killa or Golden Fort, Jaisalmer Fort is home to several families.  The fort complex has complex carved mansions and temples.  It has played an important role in history due to its position on the trade route.

Built-in 1156 AD, the fort of Jaisalmer has an interesting history.  In 1276, King Jets fortified the fort against the invading Sultan of Delhi.  At this time, the 56 bases of the fort were managed by 3,700 troops.  After eight years of attack, the Sultan’s army destroyed the fort and the Bhatia took control of the fort.  In 1306, Rawal was elected after expelling the Dodo Rathers.  Then he started building the fort.

On the way to Persia, Arabia, Egypt and Africa, Jaisalmer played a very important role in trade.  The siege was popular because at this time Rajput women tried to avoid captivity.  The fort saw its second historic battle in 1541 when it was attacked by the Mughal Emperor Humayun. Eventually, the Rawals surrendered to Emperor Akbar in 1570.  The Mughals ruled and ruled the fort till 1762, after which Maharwal Mulraj made an agreement with the East India Company in 1818 to protect it from invasion.  With the advent of British rule, maritime trade emerged and the port of Bombay gained importance. After independence, Jaisalmer’s trade route was completely closed.  However, it still carries the strategic importance that was proved in the Indo-Pak wars of 1965 and 1971.

Jaisalmer Fort
Jaisalmer Fort

The architecture of Jaisalmer fort is quite wonderful.  It has 3 layers of walls.  The outer layer is made of solid stone blocks while the second wall is blown around the fort.  It is believed that the Rajput warriors once used the inner wall to throw boiling oil and water and huge rock blocks at their enemies, enclosing them between the second and third walls.  Among the strong defenses of Jaisalmer fort are 99 forts. Descendants of the Bhati workers were allowed to live in the fort.  Today.  About 4000 inhabitants of Brahmin and Daroga communities. Today, Jaisalmer Fort is a popular tourist attraction for anyone visiting Rajasthan.  There are plenty of eating options in and around it.  Jaisal Italy and Dessert Boys Dhani are popular restaurants here.  Like trying local Rajasthani food. 

Time: Jaisalmer Fort is open all day from 5.58 am to 2.25 pm.  Winter is the best time to visit Jaisalmer from November to February.

  Entry fee: Entry to Jaisalmer Fort is free.

How to get there: Jaisalmer Fort is located about 13 km from Jaisalmer Airport and only 2 km from Jaisalmer Railway Station.  

Where to stay in Jaisalmer: Jaisalmer is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Rajasthan.  Hotel Bryce Fort, located on the Jodhpur-Jaisalmer road, costs Rs 

7,000 per night and is ideal for a comfortable stay.  Hotel Pleasant Haveli on Chenpura Road is a cheap alternative costing around Rs 20,000.

Amber Fort

  One of the largest and largest forts in the country, Amber Fort near Jaipur will amaze you at first sight.  It is famous for its excellent combination of Mughal and Hindu architecture.  The seat of the Kachwaha Rajputs, Amber Fort was built in 1592 by Raja Man Singh I.  Built of red sandstone;  The next 150 years saw a lot of reconstruction and change.  Man Singh, who was the commander-in-chief of the Mughal army and was Akbar’s Navaratna (the nine gems of Akbar’s court), was extremely responsible for Amer’s great power and influence during the Mughal rule.  During the reign of Sawai Joy Singh in 1 fort2, the fort underwent several changes until the Kanchabasis shifted their capital from Amber to Jaipur.  Before the Kachwaha dynasty, the

Pisces established Amber in 967 AD.  It was conquered by the Kachwaha dynasty of Rajputs in 1027 AD and then they ruled it till 1727 AD.  In 1036 Amber became their capital. Around 10000, when King Man Singh’s reign was at its peak, several great installations were built.  Construction of Amber Fort began in 1592 AD and its expansion was adopted by successive rulers.  It is noteworthy that Maharani Jodha Bai, the wife of the great Mughal emperor Akbar, belonged to the Kachwaha dynasty of the Rajputs.  She was the eldest daughter of King Varmal of Amber.

Amber Fort
Amber Fort

The extraordinary architecture of the mango fort and its interior make it such a big deal.  It is made of red sandstone and has four levels, each with a courtyard. These include the Diwan-i-Am, or “Public Audience Hall”, the Diwan-i-Khas, or “Private Audience Hall”, the magnificent Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace), and the Sukh Niwas where the air flows over a water cascade between the palaces.  Creates a cool environment.  It is because of this palace structure that Amber Fort is called Amber Palace.  It included the Rajput Maharaja and their families.  Amber Palace and Jaigarh Fort are located on top of Chil Ka Tila which means hill of an eagle.  The stunning views of the surrounding Aravalli Range make for a picturesque backdrop.  The Amber Palace and the Jaigarh Fort are connected by an underground passage that was built during the war as an escape route for the royal members. Today, Amber Fort is one of the biggest tourist attractions of Jaipur.  Elephant rides are available at around Rs.00 per person to take you from the base to the top of the fort.  Amber Fort is visited by 5000 visitors every day. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year of 2013.

Time: Amber Fort is open from 8am to 5.30pm. November to February is considered the proper time to visit there.

Entrance fee: Rs 25 per head for Indians, Rs 200 per head for foreigners.

How to get there: Amber Fort is located 11 km from Jaipur in Rajasthan.  It is 23 km from Jaipur Airport and 13 km from Jaipur Railway Station.

Where to stay: If you look for a comfortable place to stay then Oberoi Rajvilas in Jaipur may be the best for luxury but it will burn a hole in your pocket because it costs Rs 32,000 per night. ITC Rajputana is a 5-star hotel but less expensive (around Rs 6000 per night).  There are also many budget hotels in Jaipur that can be considered for staying beautiful at affordable prices.

Jaisalmer Fort

  Jaisalmer Fort is one of the most beautiful forts in India and the only livable fort in the country.  As one of the largest forts in the world, Jaisalmer Fort is considered one of the best tourist attractions in Jaisalmer.  Known as Sonar Killa or Golden Fort, Jaisalmer Fort is home to several families.  The fort complex has complex carved mansions and temples.  It has played an important role in history due to its position on the trade route.

Built-in 1156 AD, the fort of Jaisalmer has an interesting history.  In 1276, King Jets fortified the fort against the invading Sultan of Delhi.  At this time, the 56 bases of the fort were managed by 3,700 troops.    In 1306, Rawal was elected after expelling the Dodo Rathers.  Then he started building the fort.

On the way to Persia, Arabia, Egypt and Africa, Jaisalmer played a very important role in trade.  The siege was popular because at this time Rajput women tried to avoid captivity.  The fort saw its second historic battle in 1541 when it was attacked by the Mughal Emperor Humayun. Eventually, the Rawals surrendered to Emperor Akbar in 1570.  The Mughals ruled and ruled the fort till 1762, after which Maharwal Mulraj made an agreement with the East India Company in 1818 to protect it from invasion.  With the advent of British rule, maritime trade emerged and the port of Bombay gained importance. After independence, Jaisalmer’s trade route was completely closed.  However, it still carries the strategic importance that was proved in the Indo-Pak wars of 1965 and 1971.

Jaisalmer Fort
Jaisalmer Fort

The architecture of Jaisalmer fort is quite wonderful.  It has 3 layers of walls.  The outer layer is made of solid stone blocks while the second wall is blown around the fort.  It is believed that the Rajput warriors once used the inner wall to throw boiling oil and water and huge rock blocks at their enemies, enclosing them between the second and third walls.  Among the strong defenses of Jaisalmer fort are 99 forts. Descendants of the Bhati workers were allowed to live in the fort.  Today.  About 4000 inhabitants of Brahmin and Daroga communities.  

Today, Jaisalmer Fort is a popular tourist attraction for anyone visiting Rajasthan.  There are plenty of eating options in and around it.  Jaisal Italy and Dessert Boys Dhani are popular restaurants here.  Like trying local Rajasthani food.  

Address: Fort Rd, Amar Sagar Pol, Jaisalmer, Rajasthan 345001

Time: Jaisalmer Fort is open all day from 5.58 am to 2.25 pm.  Winter is the best time to visit Jaisalmer from November to February.

Entry fee: Entry to Jaisalmer Fort is free.

How to get there: Jaisalmer Fort is located about 13 km from Jaisalmer Airport and only 2 km from Jaisalmer Railway Station. 

Where to stay in Jaisalmer: Jaisalmer is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Rajasthan.  Hotel Bryce Fort, located on the Jodhpur-Jaisalmer road, costs Rs 7,000 per night and is ideal for a comfortable stay.  Hotel Pleasant Haveli on Chenpura Road is a cheap alternative costing around Rs 20,000.

Chittorgarh fort

The largest fort in India and Asia, Chittorgarh is located on a hill of 180 meters.  It is spread over 700 acres and is one of the largest forts in Rajasthan.  Chittorgarh Fort is called “Jal Durg” because it has 22 reservoirs besides towers, palaces and temples.  There are two memorial towers called Kirti Stambh and Vijay Stambh.  The Kirti Stambha was built in honor of the first Jain Tirthankara. The Victory Pillar was erected to commemorate the victory over Mohammad Alauddin Khilji.  The fort of Chittor has a glorious past with three siege attempts and the jewel work was done three times by women and children.  The first was led by Rani Padmini, and later by Rani Karnavati.  1 Alla03 The famous battle against Allauddin Khalji in AD made legends from Gora and Badal.

The fort is home to the Fateh Prakash Palace where the government museum is located. Chittaurgarh is associated with two historic Indian personalities – the spiritual poet Mira Bai and the Rajput warrior Maharana Pratap. Chittorgarh was the base of the Rajputs at a time when almost all other large houses were attacked.  As such, it holds a special place for Rajputs across India.  Chittorgarh is also associated with the ancient legend Bhima, one of the legendary Pandavas of the epic Mahabharata.  It is believed that Bhima visited Chittagong and became a disciple of a devotee to know the secret of immortality. However, he became impatient while performing numerous rituals and created a reservoir on the ground out of sheer rage.  This reservoir was known as Bhimtal.

Time: 9:45 a.m. to 5:15 p.m. for the museum.

Entrance fee: 10 rupees for Indians, 100 rupees for foreigners.

How to get there: Jaipur is the nearest airport to Chittagong Fort.  It is about 137 km away.  The nearest railway station is Ajmer Junction which is about 198 km away. 

Where to stay: Chittorgarh has suitable accommodation options for all budgets.  Fort Begu is an excellent heritage hotel located about 66 km from Chittorgarh Fort.  Other options include The Elegance Resort and Hotel Mira.

Jaygarh Fort

If you want to witness a spectacular view of Jaipur, then Jaigarh Fort is the place to be!  Located right next to the Amber Fort, the two forts are considered a complex. Jaygarh Fort is home to the very famous Jayavana Cannon which is considered to be the largest cannon in the world.  Jaigarh Fort is famous as the fort of victory because it was never conquered.  There is an underground passage that connects Jaigarh with Amber Fort.  Jaigarh stands right in the middle of a thorny hill. There is a steep road that leads to the main gate called Dungar Darwaza.  Like Amber, Jaigarh Fort is located on Chil Ka Tila in the Aravalli Range.  From Jaigarh you can see the wonderful Maota Lake and Mango Fort.  It also offers a stunning panoramic view of Jaipur city and sunset.

It is three kilometers long and only one kilometer wide. The fort is quite strong with heavy walls made of red sandstone.  It provides access to a well-maintained square garden and the upper level of the dam at each corner.  You can see a watchtower on a high platform right in the middle of the castle complex.  This is the best place to get a panoramic view of the beautiful scenery around.  There is a door in the garden of Aram Mandir and the courtyard on the north side which is known as ‘Aoni Darwaza’ which offers a captivating view of Sagar Lake.

Time: Jaigarh Fort is open from 9 am to 5 pm. 

Entrance fee: 15 rupees for Indians and 20 rupees for foreigners.

How to get there: Jaigarh Fort is about 25 km from Jaipur Airport and about 15 km from Jaipur Railway Station.  

Where to stay: There are a lot of accommodation options in Jaipur.  Please see the Amber Fort above.

Kumbhalgarh fort

  Another famous fort in Rajasthan is Kumbhalgarh Fort which is located in the middle of the spectacular Aravalli Range.  Built by Maharaja Rana Kumbh in the 15th century, Kumbhalgarh Fort is known for its strong structure and huge foundation.  It covers an area of km and has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2013. It has a huge watchtower and seven huge gates.  The walls of the fort are so heavy that eight horses can stand side by side.  The most striking feature of the Kumbhalgarh fort is that it has a 38 km long wall which makes it the second-largest wall in the world after the Great Wall of China.  It is the second-largest fort in Rajasthan after the Chittagong fort.

The castle complex is as enticing as the exterior.  The Shiva temple which has a huge Shivling here is famous all over India.  Just above is a magnificent palace which is certainly spectacular.  This palace is known as ‘Badal Mahal’ is where the great warrior Maharana Pratap was born. Not only does it present a picturesque view of the city of Kumbhalgarh, it has beautiful rooms with green, turquoise and white decor that serve as a beautiful contrast to the earthy color of the fort.  The whole palace can be seen in the clouds. On several dangerous occasions, Kubalgarh was used as a refuge for the rulers of Mewar.  The fort still has some ancient ruins that give you a peek into the historic period. To this day, this historic castle is open to the public and shows a great show in the evening when it is brightly lit for a short time.

Time: 8am to 6pm

Entrance fee: 10 rupees for Indians and 100 rupees for foreigners

How to reach: Kumbhalgarh does not have its own airport but it is connected to Udaipur by road.  The fort is about km0 km away from Falna railway station which is the nearest railwayhead.  Kumbhalgarh fort is well connected by road to Udaipur, Jodhpur, Ajmer and

Rajasthan and all major cities of India.

Where to stay: Kumbhalgarh has emerged as one of the most popular tourist destinations in Rajasthan. Kumbhalgarh has all kinds of accommodation options, with budget rooms starting from around Rs 600 per night and more comfortable rooms from around Rs 3,000. Rooms at Audi Hotel (080037 22333) starting from around Rs 7000 are quite popular for Indo-Islamic style. You can also choose to stay in Udaipur which has more options as it is an easy day trip from the city of Kumbhalgarh Lake.

Bhangarh fort

Often listed as one of the most haunted places in India, Bhangarh Fort is actually a popular tourist attraction in Rajasthan.  The Archaeological Survey of India has put up a board outside the fort to warn people not to enter its premises after sunset or before sunrise, which has been taken as a serious sign of the haunted nature of the place.  The Bhangarh fort was first built by Man Singh in the seventeenth century for his grandson Madho Singh I. The beautiful Aravalli range around the fort gives it a spectacular backdrop.

The fort is now in ruins but was once full of life with more than 10,000 inhabitants.  Two legends are involved with the destruction of the castle.  He gave a curse that if the shadow of a tall house fell on his own, it would destroy the city.  According to the second and more interesting legend, a wizard named NK Sinha, known as an expert in black magic fell in love with Ratnavati, the princess of Bhangarh, and in order to bring her back to his love, replaced her scent with a love medicine.  The princess, who saw through the wizard’s betrayal, threw the medicine given to her, which in turn threw the wizard on a crushed stone.  Before he died, he gave a curse that Bhangarh would be destroyed and no one would be able to live within its borders.  Ghost stories originated from this legend and it is believed that the ghosts of the princess and the wizard are still trapped inside the castle.

Whatever the spooky story, Bhangarh Fort is visited by several tourists for its amazing temples, palaces and mansions.  It’s like watching Priest Ki Haveli and Nachan Ki Haveli.  Hanuman Temple, Gopinath Temple, Someshwar Temple, and Keshab Rai Temple are great examples of architecture of other eras.  Some of these temples are built in the form of a cenotaph. The royal palace at the far end of the fort is a place of interest for its huge structure.

Time: Bhangarh Fort is open from morning to evening. It is forbidden to enter the fort premises after sunset and before sunrise.  Winter is the best time to visit Bhangarh Fort from November to February.

Entrance fee: Rs 25 for Indians and Rs 200 for foreigners.

How to reach:

Alwar, about 86 km from Bhangarh, is the nearest railway head. The nearest airport is Jaipur which is about 87 km away. Where to stay: Sariska Palace is the most luxurious option to stay near Bhangarh.  A slightly cheaper option but equally comfortable is Lake Palace in Seleucus. Tiger Dan is a good option for budget travelers

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