Famous For: As A Mangrove Forest, Royal Bengal Tigers, Various Kinds Of Trees, Animals and Birds.
Ideal Visit Time: 2-3 days.
Sundarbans is the largest mangrove forest in the world. This forest is full of natural beauty. One can get such peace of mind in this surrounding. It is also called Asian Amazon by some people. Royal Bengal Tiger is the most incredible animal you may see here. Area of the forest sundarban is 10 thousand km square and it is expanded by Khulna division (6,017km square) and in West Bengal the area is about 4,260 km square. Sundri and Gewa are the most available tree species in sundarban. The forest is also named on the name of sundri tree. This forest provide residency to 453 wildlife, together with 35 reptile, 120 fish, 290 bird, eight amphibian species and 42 mammal. This forest is renowned for its self-sufficient Royal Bengal Tiger and Chital deer, Crocodile and snakes as well. Consequent to a observation Sundarbans provides residency to almost 500 tigers and 30,000 Chital Deers. Sundarbans was considereded as a Ramsar site on 21st May,1992.
Major Attraction Of Sundarbans
History of Sundarbans
To know the history of Sundarbans one will have to go back to 200-300AD. In the Baghmara forest block A ruin of a city constructed by Chand Sadagar has been found. The forests of the Sundarban were leased by the kings of Mughal Period .From the advancing armies of Emperor Akbar, many criminals took refugee in the Sundarbans. Many of them were attacked by the tigers. A vast portion of the forest was proclaimed as reserved forests in 1875 under the forest ACT, 1865.
Ecological Succession of Sundarbans
Ecological succession is usually defined as the successive profession of a site by vairious plant communities. The outer community along the sequence represents the pioneer community In an accreting mudflats, which is slowly replaced by the next community and represents the seral stages and finally by a climax community typical of the climatic zone.
In 1903, David Prain recorded a total 245 genera and 334 plant species. The mangroves of Bangladesh are ruled by the Malvaceae and Euphorbiaceae where most of the mangroves in other parts of the world are characterized by members of the Rhizophoraceae, Avicenneaceae or Combretaceae.
The effluence of sundri (Heritiera fomes), gewa (Excoecaria agallocha), goran (Ceriops decandra) and keora (Sonneratia apetala) characterizes the Sundarbans Flora, all of which happens prominently all over the area.
Including mangrove scrub, littoral forest, saltwater mixed forest, brackish water mixed forest and swamp forest are The varieties of the forests that exist in Sundarbans. There have been unusual changes in the status of several mangrove species and taxonomic revision of the man-grove flora,since prain’s report. Though, very little investigation of the botanical nature of the Sundarbans has been made to keep up with these changes. Demonstrating a whole mosaic of seres, comprising primary colonisation on new accretions to more mature beach forests The Sundarbans has been considered as a most tropical forest .
An incomparable ecosystem and a rich wildlife residency is provided by the Sundarbans. From a recent survey it is found that there are almost 180 tigers in the Sundarbans (106 in Bangladesh and 74in India).
Restriction of the management of wildlife are-
- The shelter of Fauna from poaching.
- Consciousness of some areas as wildlife sanctuaries.
Since the fauna of Bangladesh have decreased in current times and the Sundarbans has not been spared from this decline, the mangrove forest retains several good wildlife residency and their associated fauna.
Natural hazards: Following to a report manufactured by UNESCO ,Cyclone sider damaged around 40 percent in2007.
Man made Hazards: Both the animals and trees are getting affected by some irresponsible peoples. They are indiscriminately cutting trees. It effects the trees as well as animals.
How To Reach Sundarbans
By Train: No specific trains are available to Sundarbans. Though the nearby railway junction is Sealdah but one have to reach Sundarbans by local Trains.
By Road: Sundarbans is well linked to the nearby cities by road.